Iraqi Government Forces Close to Baiji Refinery

Source: Reuters 11/14/2014, Location: Middle East

Iraqi government forces got within a kilometre (half a mile) of the country's biggest refinery, the closest they have come to breaking an Islamic State siege of the facility in months of fighting, two army officers and a witness said.

Fighting raged in a village between the complex and the nearby town of Baiji, near a deserted area believed to contain roadside bombs planted by the militants that have been preventing an advance, they said.

A witness said security forces had crossed a bridge close to the refinery, 200 km north of the capital.

"Daesh (Islamic State) militants are escaping to the direction of a river. Airplanes are targeting them," said an army captain.

Iraq has been struggling with widespread security challenges since the ultra-hardline Sunni insurgents swept through the north in June, fuelling sectarian tensions.

On Friday, two bombs exploded in Baghdad in separate attacks, killing a total of 23 people, police and medical sources said.

Islamic State fighters seized the city of Baiji and surrounded the sprawling refinery in that first advance in June.

The group also controls territory in neighbouring Syria and has proclaimed a caliphate straddling both countries.

Iraq's army initially put up little resistance to Islamic State. But it has been helped in recent weeks by U.S.-led air strikes on militant positions.

Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi sacked 26 military commanders this week for corruption and incompetence in the aftermath of the Islamic State advance. In September, he retired two senior generals as part of an overhaul of the country's armed forces.

Speaking through an aide after Friday prayers, Iraq's top Shi'ite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali-al Sistani reiterated his criticism of corruption in the military.

He also called on the government to get its finances in order, fund projects and create jobs.


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