- Reported fourth-quarter income of $192 million, or $0.29 per diluted share, which includes net pre-tax benefits of $851 million; reported adjusted loss of $608 million, or ($0.94) per diluted share
- $21 billion Speedway sale targeted to close by end of first quarter; reiterating commitment to use proceeds to strengthen the balance sheet and return capital to shareholders
- Advancing renewable fuels portfolio; Dickinson is 2nd largest renewable diesel facility in the US and progressing Martinez strategic repositioning
- Continuing focus on lowering cost structure
- Announced 2021 MPC standalone capital spending outlook of $1.4 billion, a reduction of $350 million from 2020
Marathon Petroleum Corp. reported net income of $192 million, or $0.29 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with net income of $443 million, or $0.68 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2019.
Fourth-quarter 2020 results include net pre-tax benefits of $851 million as shown in the accompanying release tables. Adjusted net loss was $608 million, or $(0.94) per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with adjusted net income of $1.0 billion, or $1.56 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2019.
"The COVID-19 pandemic presented unprecedented challenges in 2020," said President and Chief Executive Officer Michael J. Hennigan. "The rollout of vaccines in 2021 provides support for the return of global mobility and transportation fuel demand, increasing optimism around steps toward economic recovery and prospects for our industry.
"Throughout the year, we took aggressive action to reposition the company for long-term success. We focused on optimizing our portfolio through the sale of Speedway, indefinitely idling higher cost refineries, structurally reducing operating costs, and expanding our renewable fuel portfolio. Our Dickinson facility began producing renewable diesel and we are advancing discussions with feedstock suppliers and potential commercial partners for the Martinez renewables project. Today we announced our 2021 capital outlook which is yet again below prior year spending levels. And, as we enter 2021 and progress toward the close of the $21 billion sale of our Speedway business, our top priorities remain reducing debt to strengthen our balance sheet and efficiently returning capital to shareholders."
Results from Operations
As previously announced, on Aug. 2, 2020, MPC entered into a definitive agreement to sell Speedway to 7-Eleven, Inc. for $21 billion in cash. Consistent with the reporting from last quarter:
- Speedway's results are required to be presented separately as discontinued operations.
- The retained direct dealer business results are reported within the Refining & Marketing segment.
- As a result of the above, MPC no longer presents a separate Retail segment, which had previously included Speedway and the direct dealer business.
Speedway's results are presented differently under discontinued operations accounting as compared to their previous presentation. The major changes include:
- MPC ceased recording depreciation and amortization (D&A) for Speedway at the time of signing the sale agreement.
- Corporate costs are no longer allocable to Speedway under discontinued operations accounting. Results for all periods exclude any allocation of corporate costs to Speedway.
Adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (adjusted EBITDA) was $907 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $3.2 billion for the fourth quarter of 2019. As detailed in the table below, adjusted EBITDA is shown for both continuing and discontinued operations. Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations excludes refining planned turnaround costs and LIFO liquidation charges.
Refining & Marketing (R&M)
As discussed above, R&M segment results now include the results of the direct dealer business. Prior periods reflect this change in segment presentation.
R&M segment loss from operations was $1.6 billion in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with income of $1.1 billion for the fourth quarter of 2019. Fourth-quarter 2020 and fourth-quarter 2019 R&M segment results include direct dealer income from operations of $90 million and $194 million, respectively. Segment results also include a LIFO liquidation charge of $305 million in the fourth quarter of 2020.
Segment adjusted EBITDA was $(702) million in the fourth quarter of 2020, versus $1.7 billion for the fourth quarter of 2019. Segment adjusted EBITDA excludes refining planned turnaround costs, which totaled $107 million in the fourth quarter of 2020 and $153 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, and a LIFO liquidation charge of $305 million in the fourth quarter of 2020. The decrease in R&M earnings was primarily due to lower crack spreads, reduced throughput, and weaker crude differentials, partially offset by lower operating costs.
R&M margin, excluding the LIFO liquidation charge, was $7.42 per barrel for the fourth quarter of 2020, versus $16.35 for the fourth quarter of 2019. Crude capacity utilization was 82% (excluding idled facilities) resulting in total throughput of 2.5 million barrels per day. Clean product yield was 87%.
Midstream segment income from operations, which primarily reflects the results of MPLX LP, was $974 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $889 million for the fourth quarter of 2019.
Segment adjusted EBITDA was $1.3 billion in the fourth quarter of 2020, versus $1.2 billion for the fourth quarter of 2019. Strong performance in the midstream segment in the current business environment was driven by stable, fee-based earnings, contributions from organic growth projects, and reduced operating expenses.
Corporate and Items Not Allocated
As discussed above, corporate costs are no longer allocable to Speedway under discontinued operations accounting and all periods include corporate costs previously allocated to Speedway.
Corporate expenses totaled $175 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $244 million in the fourth quarter of 2019. Fourth-quarter 2020 and fourth-quarter 2019 corporate expenses include expenses of $6 million and $7 million, respectively, which are no longer allocable to Speedway.
Items not allocated to segments included net benefits of $1.2 billion in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with net charges of $1.2 billion in the fourth quarter of 2019. Fourth-quarter 2020 results from continuing operations include a $1.2 billion lower of cost or market (LCM) inventory benefit, a favorable litigation settlement of $84 million and gains on asset sales of $66 million. These items are partially offset by impairment and restructuring charges of $165 million. Fourth-quarter 2019 results include $1.2 billion of impairment charges primarily related to MPLX goodwill and $6 million of costs incurred in connection with the midstream strategic review and other related activities. These items were partially offset by an equity method restructuring gain of $52 million. Discontinued operations for the fourth quarter of 2020 included a $25 million LCM inventory benefit and $39 million of costs related to the Speedway separation.
As discussed above, the results of Speedway are required to be reported separately as discontinued operations. MPC ceased recording D&A for Speedway in August 2020. Therefore, fourth-quarter 2020 results reflect no D&A, as compared to $128 million of D&A in fourth-quarter 2019. Results for all periods presented exclude any allocation of corporate costs to Speedway.
Speedway income from operations was $419 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $290 million for the fourth quarter of 2019. Speedway adjusted EBITDA was $426 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, versus $418 million for the fourth quarter of 2019. Fourth-quarter 2020 results reflect higher fuel margins partially offset by lower fuel volumes compared to the prior year.
Speedway fuel margin was 28.99 cents per gallon in the fourth quarter of 2020, versus 26.11 cents per gallon in the fourth quarter of 2019. Same-store merchandise sales increased by 1.8% year-over-year and Speedway same-store gasoline sales volume decreased by 18.1% year-over-year.
Financial Position and Liquidity
As of Dec. 31, 2020, the company had $540 million in cash and cash equivalents (excluding MPLX's cash and cash equivalents of $15 million), no borrowings outstanding under its $5 billion five-year bank revolving credit facility, no borrowings outstanding under its two $1 billion 364-day bank revolving credit facilities, and no borrowings outstanding under its $750 million trade receivables securitization facility. The company took advantage of attractive commercial paper rates available during the quarter and had $1.0 billion of outstanding commercial paper borrowings as of Dec. 31, 2020. MPC does not intend to have outstanding commercial paper borrowing in excess of available capacity under its bank revolving credit facilities.
In the fourth quarter, the company redeemed all of the $475 million outstanding aggregate principal amount of its senior notes due October 2022 and repaid all of the $650 million outstanding aggregate principal amount of its senior notes due December 2020.
Strategic and Operations Update
The company continues to progress activities related to the $21 billion sale of Speedway to 7-Eleven, targeting a close of the transaction by the end of the first quarter of 2021. The company expects to use proceeds from the sale to strengthen the balance sheet and return capital to shareholders. The arrangement includes a 15-year fuel supply agreement and the opportunity to supply additional 7-Eleven locations.
The Dickinson, North Dakota, renewable fuels facility is ramping operations and is on-track to reach full production by the end of the first quarter. At full capacity, the facility is expected to produce 12,000 barrels per day of renewable diesel from corn and soybean oil. MPC intends to sell the renewable diesel into the California market to comply with the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard.
The company also progressed activities associated with the conversion of the Martinez refinery to a renewable diesel facility. Discussions with feedstock suppliers and definition engineering activities continue to advance. As envisioned, the Martinez facility would be expected to start producing renewable diesel by the second half of 2022, with a potential to build to full capacity of 48,000 barrels per day by the end of 2023.
Consistent with MPC's midstream strategy of developing long-haul pipelines and other logistics solutions, several projects advanced during the quarter, including the Wink to Webster crude oil pipeline, the Whistler natural gas pipeline, and the reversal of the Capline crude pipeline. Each of these projects is backed by minimum volume commitments.