- Orders of $4.5 billion for the quarter, down 12% sequentially and down 18% year-over-year.
- Revenue of $4.8 billion for the quarter, down 13% sequentially and down 12% year-over-year.
- GAAP operating income of $164 million for the quarter, down 10% sequentially and favorable year-over-year.
- Adjusted operating income (a non-GAAP measure) of $270 million for the quarter was down 42% sequentially and up 13% year-over-year.
- Adjusted EBITDA* (a non-GAAP measure) of $562 million for the quarter was down 27% sequentially and down 5% year-over-year.
- GAAP loss per share of $(0.61) for the quarter which included $0.73 per share of adjusting items. Adjusted earnings per share (a non-GAAP measure) was $0.12.
- Cash flows generated from operating activities were $678 million for the quarter. Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) for the quarter was $498 million.
The Company presents its financial results in accordance with GAAP. However, management believes that using additional non-GAAP measures will enhance the evaluation of the profitability of the Company and its ongoing operations. Please see reconciliations in the section entitled "Reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP Financial Measures." See Exhibit 99.2 for additional reconciliations of certain GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures as a Financial Supplement to this earnings release. Certain columns and rows in our tables and financial statements may not sum up due to the use of rounded numbers.
“We are pleased with our first quarter results as we generated strong free cash flow, continued to drive forward our cost-out efforts, and took further meaningful steps in the execution of our strategy. During the quarter, TPS delivered solid orders and operating income while OFS continued to execute cost-out programs to help drive another strong quarter of margin performance. We also advanced our position in the energy transition, investing in strategic areas for growth and entering important partnerships to advance new energy frontiers including hydrogen and carbon capture, utilization and storage. I want to thank our employees for their continued hard work and commitment to safety,” said Lorenzo Simonelli, Baker Hughes chairman and chief executive officer.
“As we look ahead to the rest of 2021, we remain cautiously optimistic that the global economy and oil demand will recover from the impact of the global pandemic. We expect spending and activity levels to gain momentum through the year as the macro environment improves, likely setting up the industry for stronger growth in 2022.
“We remain focused on executing our strategy, and are well positioned to benefit from an economic recovery while leading the energy transition and the journey to net-zero. We will continue to take energy forward by supporting our customers, staying disciplined on our strategic priorities, and delivering for our shareholders,” concluded Simonelli.
Supporting our Customers
The OFS segment executed a major software deployment for Saudi Aramco, deploying its WellLink™ service to deliver real-time data visualization and analysis across all Saudi Aramco drilling activities. The five-year contract was awarded in 2020 and includes a detailed planning phase to transition from the incumbent provider to Baker Hughes. Using WellLink, Saudi Aramco personnel can collaborate and make decisions using a single view of data, paving the way for the use of artificial intelligence to enhance operations. Despite significant pandemic-related challenges, the deployment was completed 50% faster than planned and used local resources extensively.
Baker Hughes continued to invest in localization for Saudi Arabia. In addition to the WellLink deployment project, Saudi Aramco awarded OFS a five-year drill bits contract, supported by the Baker Hughes drill bits manufacturing facility in Dhahran. The facility recently expanded its capabilities and has produced more than 15,000 drill bits since beginning operations a decade ago. OFS also inaugurated its completions manufacturing center in Saudi Arabia to support growth plans and add in-country value.
The TPS segment continued to maintain its leadership in FPSO and LNG with several offshore topside contracts in Latin America and Asia. In Latin America, TPS was awarded a contract for multiple FPSOs, including one of the world’s largest units, to provide power generation systems, compression trains for gas reinjection, CO2 compression services and water injection centrifugal pumps. In Asia, TPS secured a topside offshore contract to provide three aeroderivative gas turbine-driven compressor units for a fixed platform. TPS also continued to strengthen long-term relationships with key customers, achieving a major milestone by securing a 10-year services contract extension in Malaysia for one of the largest LNG facilities in the world.
The DS segment continued to expand across industrial end markets, including marine, aerospace, electronics, and pulp and paper. The Bently Nevada product line signed a multi-year agreement with P&O Maritime Logistics to supply a hybrid condition-based monitoring solution that combines the VitalyX lubrication oil monitoring solution with Bently Nevada’s vibration monitoring and Host Remote Monitoring & Diagnostic service. By combining oil and vibration monitoring, Bently Nevada can provide greater protection against asset loss and ensure valuable uptime for over 180 assets on 19 P&O Maritime Logistics vessels in its Caspian fleet. This cloud-based subscription contract is the first of its kind for both P&O Maritime Logistics and Bently Nevada.
Bently Nevada also secured a contract to supply plant-wide condition monitoring solutions for Arauco’s pulp and paper plant in Chile, one of the main global players in wood pulp and bioenergy. The brownfield contract includes hardware, software and services support of 900+ sensors integrated to System 1 software for 450 machines across three sites, increasing productivity and efficiency of Arauco’s operations. In the industrial inspections segment, the Waygate Technologies (WT) product line secured multiple orders from one of the world's leading battery manufacturers in Asia. The customer has initiated a global roll-out project with WT's Phoenix CT systems to inspect lithium ion batteries for electric vehicles.
DS secured major contracts to advance customers’ energy transition goals, helping to reduce methane and carbon emissions as well as improve efficiencies. The Panametrics product line secured several orders for the Flare.IQ advanced flare gas monitoring and optimization system, with contracts for oil and gas operators in North America, China and the U.A.E. The Druck product line secured a number of significant contracts across North America and China to supply pressure sensors to improve aircraft fuel efficiency. This included one of the largest aerospace engine contracts in Druck’s history, a 25-year deal, and strengthened Baker Hughes’ leadership position with aerospace OEMs.
Executing on Priorities
Baker Hughes made progress in strategically positioning the company for new frontiers, announcing new collaborations to advance industrial decarbonization and low- to zero-carbon solutions:
Signed a cooperation agreement with PAO NOVATEK to decarbonize natural gas and LNG production by developing and implementing innovative compression and power generation technologies for NOVATEK’s LNG projects. The agreement will begin with a pilot program to introduce hydrogen blends into the main process for natural gas liquefaction to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from LNG export terminals including NOVATEK’s Yamal LNG complex.
Signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Horisont Energi AS for the Polaris offshore carbon storage facility in Norway to explore the development and integration of technologies to minimize the footprint, cost and delivery time for carbon capture, transport and storage. The Polaris facility is part of the “Barents Blue” project, the first global and full-scale carbon neutral “blue” ammonia production plant. The project is expected to have a total carbon storage capacity of 100+ million tons, equivalent to twice Norway’s annual greenhouse gas emissions.
Acquired from SRI International an exclusive license for the use of Mixed Salt Process technology for carbon capture applications including fossil-fueled power plants, gas turbines, industrial applications, and the cement industry. The agreement further expands and complements Baker Hughes’ CCUS technology portfolio offering as it strategically positions to be able to offer customers a variety of solutions based on project size, design requirements and plant location.
The OFS and OFE segments continued to transform core operations and improve productivity and profitability, developing new business models and exiting product lines and geographies that did not meet strong return requirements. OFS completed the sale of pressure pumping assets in Argentina’s Neuquén Basin to Tenaris, including a hydraulic fracturing fleet, coiled tubing unit and related equipment. OFE announced a joint venture company (JV) with Akastor ASA to combine Baker Hughes’ Subsea Drilling Systems business with Akastor’s subsidiary, MHWirth AS. The new JV will deliver global offshore drilling solutions to better serve customers while driving productivity and cost synergies.
OFS continued to see growth in the Chemicals product line with a five-year production chemicals contract from a major operator in Guyana and one of the largest Chemicals contracts in Baker Hughes history. As part of the contract, Baker Hughes developed a new oilfield chemicals technology solution in record time to meet specific regional production challenges. Notably, Chemicals also secured a five-year production chemicals contract for multiple deep-water blocks in Angola, and a five-year contract for specialty chemicals and services in offshore Norway.
OFE expanded its non-metallic materials portfolio and won multiple contracts in its Flexible Pipe Systems (FPS) product lines. A new onshore composite flexible pipe was launched in January, addressing the corrosion and cost of ownership challenges with conventional steel pipes for the energy and industrial sectors. The lightweight reinforced thermoplastic pipe (RTP) is manufactured at a state-of-the-art Houston facility, and the spoolable design can reduce installation costs by more than 20%. This technology has been well received and has led to early adoption by two customers within the quarter.
DS expanded its industrial asset performance management (APM) portfolio by acquiring ARMS Reliability, a leading global provider of reliability solutions deploying reliability engineering, data capture, integration, visualization, and analytics to improve the reliability and availability of physical assets. The acquisition closed on April 1, positioning Bently Nevada as a comprehensive industrial asset management platform with a full spectrum of APM services and extended plant-level coverage for industrial customers. ARMS Reliability’s current customer base includes the mining, oil and gas, power generation, manufacturing, and utility segments.
Leading with Innovation
Baker Hughes continued to develop technologies to advance the energy transition, improve efficiencies, reduce emissions and accelerate the digital transformation of industrial segments.
BakerHughesC3.ai (BHC3) released its latest application, BHC3 Production Schedule Optimization (PSO). PSO improves supply chain and delivery performance for highly engineered products while minimizing manufacturing costs. The application generates industrial customer demand predictions and optimal production schedules using a holistic view of buyer activity, supply chain materials, and manufacturing and distribution options. PSO is the third BHC3 AI-based application released since the alliance was formed in 2019 and allows for further customer penetration in the downstream oil and gas segment.
OFS continued to innovate to reduce emissions and environmental footprint for customers. The Artificial Lift and Completions product lines secured a contract to supply equipment and services for the first wireline-retrievable electric submersible pumping (ESP) system in Italy. This latest ESP technology was developed in collaboration with channel partner AccessESP and will allow the customer to reduce its carbon footprint, minimize deferred production, and reduce workover costs by eliminating the need for a rig during ESP change-out operations.
OFS is also utilizing novel plug and abandonment (P&A) technologies to decommission wells in Europe in a more environmentally friendly, less emissive way. In one project in the Netherlands, the Baker Hughes HEAVY METAL section milling service was paired with a rigless P&A unit to reduce metal waste by 288,000 pounds and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 73% compared to the incumbent’s services.
Orders for the quarter were $4,541 million, down 12% sequentially and down 18% year-over-year. The sequential decrease was a result of lower order intake in Oilfield Equipment and Turbomachinery & Process Solutions, partially offset by growth in Digital Solutions. Equipment orders were down 23% sequentially and service orders were down 4%.
Year-over-year, the decline in orders was a result of lower order intake in Oilfield Services and Oilfield Equipment, partially offset by growth in Digital Solutions and Turbomachinery & Process Solutions. Year-over-year equipment orders were down 18% and service orders were down 18%.
The Company's total book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 0.9; the equipment book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 0.8.
Remaining Performance Obligations (RPO) in the first quarter ended at $23.2 billion, a decrease of $0.2 billion from the fourth quarter of 2020. Equipment RPO was $7.5 billion, down 6% sequentially. Services RPO was $15.7 billion, up 2% sequentially.
Revenue for the quarter was $4,782 million, a decrease of 13%, sequentially. The decrease in revenue was driven by lower volume across all segments.
Compared to the same quarter last year, revenue was down 12%, driven by lower volume across the Oilfield Services, Oilfield Equipment, and Digital Solutions segments, partially offset by Turbomachinery & Process Solutions.
On a GAAP basis, operating income for the first quarter of 2021 was $164 million. Operating income decreased $18 million sequentially and increased $16,223 million year-over-year. Total segment operating income was $379 million for the first quarter of 2021, down 34% sequentially and up 5% year-over-year.
Adjusted operating income (a non-GAAP measure) for the first quarter of 2021 was $270 million, which excludes adjustments totaling $106 million before tax, mainly related to restructuring and separation related charges. A complete list of the adjusting items and associated reconciliation from GAAP has been provided in Table 1a in the section entitled “Reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP Financial Measures.” Adjusted operating income for the first quarter was down 42% sequentially, driven by declines in the Oilfield Equipment, Digital Solutions, and Turbomachinery & Process Solutions segments which were primarily seasonal, offset by margin expansion in Oilfield Services. Adjusted operating income was up 13% year-over-year driven by volume in the Turbomachinery & Process Solutions segment, and margin expansion in the Oilfield Equipment segment, partially offset by lower volume in the Oilfield Services and Digital Solutions segments.
Depreciation and amortization for the first quarter of 2021 was $292 million.
Adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP measure) for the first quarter of 2021 was $562 million, which excludes adjustments totaling $106 million before tax, mainly related to restructuring and separation related charges. Adjusted EBITDA for the first quarter was down 27% sequentially and down 5% year-over-year.
Corporate costs were $109 million in the first quarter of 2021, down 2% sequentially and down 11% year-over-year.
Other Financial Items
Income tax expense in the first quarter of 2021 was $69 million.
Other non-operating loss in the first quarter of 2021 was $626 million. Included in other non-operating loss was a $788 million loss from the change in fair value of the investment in C3.ai, partially offset by the reversal of current accruals of $121 million due to the settlement of certain legal matters.
GAAP diluted loss per share was $(0.61). Adjusted diluted earnings per share was $0.12. Excluded from adjusted diluted earnings per share were all items listed in Table 1a in the section entitled "Reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP Financial Measures" as well as the "other adjustments (non-operating)" found in Table 1c.
Cash flow from operating activities was $678 million for the first quarter of 2021. Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) for the quarter was $498 million. A reconciliation from GAAP has been provided in Table 1d in the section entitled "Reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Capital expenditures, net of proceeds from disposal of assets, were $180 million for the first quarter of 2021.
Oilfield Services (OFS) revenue of $2,200 million for the first quarter decreased by $82 million, or 4%, sequentially.
North America revenue was $625 million, up 1% sequentially. International revenue was $1,575 million, a decrease of 5% sequentially, driven by lower revenues in Russia CIS, the Middle East, and Europe, partially offset by Latin America.
Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $143 million. Operating income for the first quarter was up $2 million, or 1% sequentially, primarily driven by productivity as a result of cost efficiencies and restructuring, partially offset by lower volume.
Oilfield Equipment (OFE) orders were down $147 million, or 30%, year-over-year, driven by lower order intake across most of the segment. Equipment orders were down 25% and services orders were down 35% year-over-year.
OFE revenue of $628 million for the quarter decreased $84 million year-over-year. The decrease was driven by lower volume in the Subsea Services and the Subsea Drilling Systems businesses, and from the disposition of the Surface Pressure Control flow business in the fourth quarter of 2020, offset by higher volume in the Subsea Production Systems and the Flexible Pipe Systems businesses.
Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $4 million, an increase of $12 million year-over-year. The increase was driven by higher cost productivity.
Turbomachinery & Process Solutions (TPS) orders were up 4% year-over-year. Equipment orders were up 28% and service orders were down 9%.
TPS revenue of $1,485 million for the quarter increased $400 million, or 37%, year-over-year. The increase was driven by higher equipment volume. Equipment revenue in the quarter represented 47% of total segment revenue, and service revenue represented 53% of total segment revenue.
Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $207 million, up $73 million, or 55%, year-over-year. The increase was driven by higher volume and cost productivity, offset partially by higher equipment mix.
Digital Solutions (DS) orders were up 10% year-over-year, driven by higher order intake in the Waygate Technologies, Process & Pipeline Services, and Panametrics businesses.
DS revenue of $470 million for the quarter decreased 4% year-over-year, primarily driven by lower volume across the Nexus Controls, Process & Pipeline Services, and Waygate Technologies businesses.
Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $24 million, down 17% year-over-year. The decrease year-over-year was primarily driven by lower volume.