Total SA, Europe’s third-largest oil producer, plans to keep investment stable at about $18 billion next year as it seeks to work more closely with Chinese, Russian and Brazilian competitors to raise output.
“We have a strategy of partnerships and joint ventures with national oil companies and we are ready to develop them,” Yves-Louis Darricarrere, Total’s head of exploration and production, said in an interview. The French producer is already working with China’s biggest energy companies and Russia’s OAO Lukoil and OAO Gazprom, and is seeking a role in Brazil, he said.
Total has pumped less oil and gas this year after the recession cut energy use and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries imposed stricter limits on output. The Paris-based company plans to restore production growth next year as it integrates new projects and adds joint ventures abroad.
“If there is a way to develop a partnership with Petrobras in Brazil we would of course wish to do this,” Darricarrere said in Paris yesterday. “The discoveries in Brazil will need big financing and technical expertise and the scale of the resources to be developed will leave room for international oil companies.”
Brazil’s oil fields, which include Tupi, the biggest find in the Americas in three decades, have attracted global producers such as Spain’s Repsol YPF SA and the U.K.’s BG Group Plc. Repsol, betting on Brazil to counter production declines elsewhere, intends to spend $10 billion to $15 billion in the country over the next decade, while BG has earmarked $20 billion.
“Most of the capital expenditure for next year will be on existing projects,” Darricarrere said. The company targeted $18 billion in investment in 2009, of which three-quarters was for exploration and production, he said, adding that next year’s spending will be “about the same.”
Total is studying partnerships with Lukoil in the Black Sea and Colombia after agreeing this year to sell a 45 percent stake in its Dutch Vlissingen refinery to the Russian oil producer. “We have a real partnership with Lukoil,” Darricarrere said.
The French company has also developed ventures with China National Petroleum Corp., China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. and China National Offshore Oil Corp. in China, Iran, Nigeria, Qatar and Yemen, pooling expertise to tap oil and gas resources in areas previously too costly or complex to develop.
“What is fundamental for a major is to be technological and gain partnerships with companies that have the resources,” Darricarrere said.
Total’s plan to maintain spending and achieve output growth next year is “easily achievable,” Mark Gilman, an analyst at The Benchmark Co. in New York who recommends buying the stock, said by telephone. “They have one of the strongest portfolios in the industry.”
Next year will be “good” for production growth, Darricarrere said, declining to give a specific forecast. While Total continues to look for “targeted acquisitions,” it’s focusing on developing its own discoveries, he said.
Total’s C$830 million ($795 million) hostile bid for Calgary-based UTS Energy Corp., a developer of oil sands in Alberta, failed in April after a four-month contest that included a sweetened offer.
“I don’t absolutely need to grow my oil-sands portfolio,” Darricarrere said of potential Canadian acquisitions. “If opportunities present themselves we will look, but what we need is to prepare for the next wave of projects.”
Canada, Angola, Britain
The company plans to make final decisions in the coming months on whether to invest in the Surmont Phase 2 oil-sands project in Canada, the Clov oil complex in Angola and the Laggan-Tormore gas fields off the U.K., Darricarrere said.
Total began operations this year at six projects: the Akpo oil field off Nigeria, the Tahiti field in the Gulf of Mexico, Angola’s Tombua-Landana deposit, the Tyrihans field off Norway, and liquefied natural gas plants in Qatar and Yemen.
The company’s share of these ventures will add 70,000 barrels of oil equivalent a day to production this year and as much as 220,000 barrels a day in 2010, according to Darricarrere.
Production growth in the coming years will come from about 50 projects that Total plans to start between now and 2014, he said. The largest ventures are the deep offshore fields of Pazflor in Angola, due to start at the end of 2011; Usan in Nigeria in early 2012; and Kashagan in Kazakhstan at the end of 2012 or start of 2013, he said.
Total’s third-quarter profit fell 54 percent as the recession eroded energy demand, dragging down crude and gas prices, the company said last month.
Total said in September it expects production to drop this year, reversing an earlier forecast. Output will then grow by about 2 percent a year through 2014 as new projects ramp up, it said.
Other oil companies are also seeking to revive production growth. Output at Repsol’s exploration and production division, excluding Argentine unit YPF, fell 1.2 percent last quarter from a year earlier, according to the Madrid-based company. In Argentina, output dropped 12 percent.
Production at BG Group was 2 million barrels below the company’s expectations last quarter. In July, the company delayed its 680,000-barrel-a-day output target for this year into the first quarter of 2010 because of lower demand for fuels.
Repsol and BG are investing in Brazil, whose Tupi deposit, the biggest discovery in the Americas since Mexico’s Cantarell field in 1976, may hold 5 billion to 8 billion barrels of recoverable reserves.
Total holds interests in two blocks in Brazil’s Campos basin, which Darricarrere said are too small for a company the size of Total.